A cardiovascular surgeon or cardiac surgeon is a specialist who performs surgical procedures to treat many or more cardiovascular conditions that can affect your body in many different ways. They specialize in heart operations and treat disorders of the heart valves and structures. They are a type of cardiothoracic surgeon, but they focus only on the heart, whereas general cardiothoracic surgeons focus only on the upper abdominal organs, including the lungs, esophagus, and heart.
Cardiovascular surgeons in Amritsar are not cardiologists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases. If you or someone close to you suffers from any type of cardiac condition, you may be referred to a cardiologist who can help you with medication and other non-surgical treatments as cardiologists do not perform surgery. Huh. Huh. Huh. Huh. But if the condition persists and the patient requires surgery, they may refer you to a cardiac surgeon.
What condition does a cardiovascular surgeon treat?
Cardiovascular surgeons treat some serious heart problems, such as a heart attack or cardiac arrest, which are considered a medical emergency that can put your life at risk. Some of the most common conditions treated by cardiovascular surgeons include,
- Coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease is a term used to describe the narrowing of the arteries of the heart due to atherosclerosis. It occurs when the heart muscle doesn’t get enough oxygen when the arteries narrow. You will experience severe chest pain due to sudden lack of oxygen. This pain is called angina. A heart attack occurs when a blood vessel is completely blocked. This disease can also cause death. Some common symptoms of coronary artery disease include,
- Chest pain and pressure
- Irregular heart beat
- Shortness or difficulty in breathing
- Dizziness or unconsciousness
- Excessive sweating
- Nausea or heartburn
- Heart valve disease
Heart valve diseases are congenital conditions which are diagnosed at an early age in children. The purpose of these heart valves is to provide a one-way stream of blood inside the heart. One-way flow of blood is very important for maintaining normal heart function. Valves provide a passage for blood before each chamber opens. Conversely, it prevents blood from flowing backwards by closing its flap after the flow of blood. When heart valve function is reduced due to heart valve disease, the function of the heart is also disrupted and this can put your life at risk.
- Aortic aneurysm
An aortic aneurysm is a condition in which the wall of the aorta weakens and becomes abnormally wide in size. It can form in any part of the aorta. The aorta is the largest artery of the body. When the wall of the aorta weakens so it can widen while pumping blood, if the width of the aorta is more than 1.5 times the normal size it is called an aneurysm. Enlarged aorta results in discomfort and is prone to damage to blood vessels, Aortic aneurysms can be classified based on the location, form, and size of the aneurysm. Depending on the location, there are a few types of aortic aneurysm:
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm – This type of aortic aneurysm affects the part of the aorta that passes through the abdomen.
- Thoracic aortic aneurysm – This type of aortic aneurysm occurs along the part of the aorta running from the chest area.
- Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm – this occurs in the lower part of the thoracic aorta and in the higher segment of the abdominal aorta.
- Arrhythmia is a range of conditions related to problems with the heartbeat. It occurs when the heart either beats too fast, too slowly or doesn’t beat in the proper rhythm or proper pattern. That’s why it is called arrhythmia. It is normal for a person to have an occasional fast or slow heart rate. For example, the heart rate may increase while doing any physical activity or may slow down during sleep. But if the heartbeat is usually abnormal then it may be due to arrhythmia. There are some types of arrhythmia,
- Premature contraction
- Atrial fibrillation
- Heart failure. Heart failure is usually a long-term or chronic situation, however it can often develop suddenly. It could be caused by most totally different heart issues. Heart failure is present when, Your heart muscle can’t pump the blood from the heart alright. This really is referred to as systolic heart failure. Your heart muscles are stiff and don’t fill up along with blood simply. This really is referred to as diastolic heart failure. These problems mean that the intestine is not able to pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the rest of your body. Heart failure is considered a medical emergency that can put your life at risk. Cardiovascular surgeons in Amritsar are experts in such conditions and can provide the best treatment required to prevent the condition from worsening.